Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata - Pinus mitis , Pinus royleana , Pinus squarrosa , Pinus variabilis

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Pinus echinata







Common Name:

Shortleaf Pine

Seeds Per Pound:
0.73 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 0.73 lb
Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet
10 g
1 oz
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 30 days.
In a Nutshell:
* Pinus echinata ( Shortleaf Pine ) is a species of pine native to the eastern United States from southern New York south to northern Florida , west to the extreme southeast of Kansas , and southwest to eastern Texas . The tree is variable in form, sometimes straight, sometimes crooked, with an irregular crown. This tree reaches heights of 20-30 m with a trunk diameter of 0.5-0.9 m. more...
* A valuable timber in its native range because it is less resinous than most pines and is easily worked. It is used for general construction, veneer, low-grade furniture, lumber and pulp. The wood weighs 38lb per cubic foot. more...

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Pinus echinata Mill.
shortleaf pine

Duration Perennial
Growth Habit Tree
Native Status L48 (N)
Federal T/E Status
National Wetland Indicator
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio High
Coppice Potential No
Fall Conspicuous No
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuous No
Foliage Color Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense
Foliage Porosity Winter Dense
Foliage Texture Medium
Fruit/Seed Color Brown
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
Growth Form Single Stem
Growth Rate Rapid
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet) 60
Height, Mature (feet) 100.0
Known Allelopath No
Leaf Retention Yes
Lifespan Moderate
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation None
Resprout Ability Yes
Shape and Orientation Conical
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Drought Tolerance Medium
Fertility Requirement Low
Fire Tolerance High
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180
Hedge Tolerance Low
Moisture Use Medium
pH, Minimum 4.0
pH, Maximum 6.0
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum 430
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum 1200
Precipitation, Minimum 34
Precipitation, Maximum 65
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 24
Salinity Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Temperature, Minimum (°F) -18
Bloom Period Mid Spring
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall
Fruit/Seed Persistence No
Propagated by Bare Root Yes
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container Yes
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings No
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 48000
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Seedling Vigor High
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate None
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product Yes
Fodder Product No
Fuelwood Product Low
Lumber Product Yes
Naval Store Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product Yes
Palatable Browse Animal Low
Palatable Graze Animal Low
Palatable Human No
Post Product Yes
Protein Potential Low
Pulpwood Product Yes
Veneer Product Yes
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3-5" dark blue-green needles; young trees conical, more open with age; grows quickly; blackish bark when young, reddish brown later; very adaptable to poor conditions; native from New York to Georgia, west to Texas.
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