Chinese Fir, Common China Fir Cunninghamia lanceolata

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Family:

Cupressaceae

Genus:

Cunninghamia

Species:

lanceolata

Common Name:

Chinese Fir, Common China Fir

Height:
120-150 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
7

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  • Cunninghamia lanceolata

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 30 days.
Germination: sow seed 1/16" deep , tamp the soil, keep moist.
In a Nutshell:
* It is a genus of one or two species of evergreen coniferous trees in the cypress familyCupressaceae. They are native to China, Taiwan and northern Vietnam, where they may reach 50-55 m in height.

The general shape of the tree is conical with tiered, horizontal branches that are often somewhat pendulous toward the tips. In vernacular use, it is most often known asCunninghamia, but is also sometimes called "China-fir" (though it is not a fir). more...
* An evergreen native to China, where it is a widely used timber tree, the wood resists rot, of pyramidal habit with slightly pendulous branches, bark brown, peeling to reveal reddish underbark, green or blue-green needles, likes moist, acid soils and shelter.
* The wood is light, fragrant, easily worked, resists insects damage. Used in construction, ship building etc wherever great strength is required. The wood is strongly resistant to rot, is not eaten by termites, and is easily worked. more...
Physical Characteristics  Cunninghamia lanceolata is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 6 m (19ft). It is hardy to zone 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jan to May, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. and can grow in very acid soils. It cannot grow in the shade.It requires moist soil.
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