Common Filbert, European Filbert, Common Hazelnut, European Hazelnut Corylus avellana - Corylus maxima, Corylus arborescens, Corylus intermedia, Corylus sativa, Corylus tubulosa, Corylus sylvestris

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Corylus avellana







Common Name:

Common Filbert, European Filbert, Common Hazelnut, European Hazelnut

Seeds Per Pound:
31.81 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
20 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 31.81 lb
  • Corylus avellana

Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet (~ 15 seeds)
8 oz (~ 80 seeds)
1 lb (~ 160 seeds)
1 kg (~ 353 seeds)
10 lb (~ 1600 seeds)
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 180 days.
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* Common hazel is typically a shrub reaching 3–8 m tall, but can reach 15 m. The leaves are deciduous , rounded, 6–12 cm long and across, softly hairy on both surfaces, and with a double-serrate margin. more...
* One of the species grown for its nuts, may grow as a tree or, more often, a multi-stemmed shrub, dark green leaves, native to Europe, western Asia, north Africa.
* The seed can be eaten raw or roasted and used in breads, cakes, biscuits, sweets etc. An excellent nut for raw eating. They can also be liquidized and used as a plant milk. Rich in oil. more...
* The seed lot from Washington is collected from the variety Jefferson which is open pollinated by the varieties Theta and Yamhill. All of these were selected for their Eastern Filbert Blight resistance.
* Jefferson is also the best in shell variety yet found with resistance. Its late blooming habit and hardiness, combined with high yield offer lots of potential.
[ edit ] Description, ecology and nomenclature Male catkins on Common Hazel Common hazel is typically a shrub reaching 3–8 m tall, but can reach 15 m. The leaves are deciduous , rounded, 6–12 cm long and across, softly hairy on both surfaces, and with a double-serrate margin. The flowers are produced very early in spring, before the leaves, and are monoecious with single-sex wind-pollinated catkins . Male catkins are pale yellow and 5–12 cm long, while female catkins are very small and largely concealed in the buds with only the bright red 1–3 mm long styles visible. The fruit is a nut , produced in clusters of one to five together, each nut held in a short leafy involucre ("husk") which encloses about three quarters of the nut. The nut is roughly spherical to oval, 15–20 mm long and 12–20 mm broad (larger, up to 25 mm long, in some cultivated selections), yellow-brown with a pale scar at the base. The nut falls out of the involucre when ripe, about 7–8 months after pollination . [ 2 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] It is readily distinguished from the closely related filbert ( Corylus maxima ) by the short involucre; in the filbert the nut is fully enclosed by a beak-like involucre longer than the nut. [ 2 ] The leaves provide food for many animals, including Lepidoptera such as the case-bearer moth , Coleophora anatipennella . Caterpillars of the concealer moth , Alabonia geoffrella , have been found feeding inside dead common hazel twigs. See also List of Lepidoptera that feed on hazels . The fruit are possibly even more important animal food, both for invertebrates adapted to circumvent the shell (usually by ovipositing in the female flowers, which also gives protection to the offspring) and for vertebrates which manage to crack them open (such as squirrels and corvids ).The scientific name avellana derives from the town of Avella in Italy , [ 6 ] and was selected by Linnaeus from Leonhart Fuchs 's De historia stirpium commentarii insignes (1542), where the species was described as " Avellana nux sylvestris " ("wild nut of Avella"). [ 7 ]
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Physical Characteristics  Corylus avellana is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jan to April, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
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Usda description:
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