English Yew, Common Yew Taxus baccata

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Taxus baccata

Family:

Taxaceae

Genus:

Taxus

Species:

baccata

Common Name:

English Yew, Common Yew

Minimum Hardiness Zone:
6

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  • Taxus baccata

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: warm stratify for 90 days +, cold stratify for 60 days +.
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, cover seedbed with some shade, can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination.
Other: Sporadic germination may occur over a 2-3 year period.
In a Nutshell:
* The potential age of yews is impossible to determine accurately and is subject to much dispute. There is rarely any wood as old as the entire tree, while the boughs themselves often hollow with age, making ring counts impossible. There are confirmed claims as high as 5,000-9,500 years, [ 6 ] but other evidence based on growth rates and archaeological work of surrounding structures suggests the oldest trees (such as the Fortingall Yew in Perthshire , Scotland ) are more likely to be in the range of 2,000 years. with this lower estimate, Taxus baccata is the longest living plant in Europe. more...
* Dark green shiny needles to 1 1/4", may be shrubby or treelike, often used for screens and hedges, topiary, reddish-brown trunk may be very attractive, red berries, doesn't mind lime, likes moist soil with perfect drainage, does reasonably well in shade, foliage very toxic to humans and animals, less hardy than T. cuspidata, Japanese Yew, parent of many cultivars, native to Europe, north Africa, western Asia.
* The fruit is very sweet and gelatinous, most people find it delicious though some find it sickly[K]. A number of people who like the flavour do not like the texture which is often described as being 'snotty'[K]. All other parts of this plant, including the seed, are highly poisonous. When eating the fruit you should spit out the large seed found in the fruit's centre. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov
Bonsai Comments:

The Yew is a slow grower featuring bright green foliage followed by deeper green leaf tones. Taxus baccata prefers shade and recommended to prune in the autumn allowing the fruits to grow. Seed from a red fruit should be sown in the spring. Yews will grow buds on new and old wood to accommodate bonsai different styles.( brooms style is popular)

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