Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine Pinus pinea - Pinus maderiensis , Pinea esculenta , Pinus fastuosa , Pinus sativa

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Pinus pinea







Common Name:

Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine

40-60 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Pinus pinea

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: None required, but a cold stratification of 6 weeks improves germination.
Germination: sow seed 1/2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: Germination should occur in 10-21 days.
In a Nutshell:
* The (Italian) Stone Pine (or Umbrella Pine ) ( Pinus pinea , family Pinaceae ) is a species of pine native to Southern Europe , North Africa and the Levant in the Mediterranean region . This tree has been exploited for its edible pine nuts since prehistoric times. It is also a widespread horticultural tree, besides being cultivated for the seeds. more...
* Often flat-topped and asymmetrical, 6" bright green stiff needles, cones about 5", 1/2" edible seeds (pignolia nuts), native to northern Mediterranean.
* The cones open on ripening or up to a year later, invariably shedding all the infertile basal scales to allow the fertile scales to open more widely, the large seeds are dispersed by birds, mainly Cyanopica cyanus (azure-winged magpie), and in the last 6,000+ years, by humans, which has considerably extended the pine's distribution. more...
* The seed are edible raw or cooked. They are rich in oil and have a soft texture with a hint of resin in the flavour. It makes a delicious snack and can also be used as a staple food. The seeds are often added to ice cream, cakes, puddings etc. They can also be ground into a powder and used as a thickener and flavouring in soups etc. more...