Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days
Germination: sow seed 1/8" deep , tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, cover seedbed with some shade, requires light for germination
Looking for an evergreen tree that can add character and fragrance to your garden or landscaping? Consider Thuja occidentalis, known by many names including American Arborvitae, Arborvitae, Eastern Arborvitae, and White Cedar. This small tree grows up to 20 meters tall with fan-like branches and scaly leaves that form in flat sprays. Its cones are slender and ripen from yellow-green to brown, with overlapping scales. What's more, Eastern white-cedars found growing on Southern Ontario cliff faces are the oldest trees in Eastern North America and all of Canada, growing to over 1653 years old! Thuja occidentalis is also a popular choice for hedge and windbreaks, thanks to its tolerance of regular trimming. Besoms made of its fresh branches can serve as natural deodorizers while sweeping, and its leaves and stems can be used as incense, insect repellent, and perfume. But it should be noted that its essential oil is poisonous if taken internally, and while it has insect repellent properties, care should be taken around pets or small children. The tree's tough and stringy bark is useful for weaving bags, and it also serves as a source of tannin. Thuja occidentalis wood is light, soft, and not strong, but it's durable and can be easily worked on for various constructions. With its diverse applications and benefits, Thuja occidentalis is a tree worth investing in for its beauty and practical uses.