Water Oak, Spotted Oak, Duck Oak, Punk Oak, Orange Oak, Possum Oak Quercus nigra

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Quercus nigra







Common Name:

Water Oak, Spotted Oak, Duck Oak, Punk Oak, Orange Oak, Possum Oak

Seeds Per Pound:
49 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
100 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

 Recalcitrant Seed: See FAQ

In Stock: 49 lb
  • Quercus nigra

Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet (~ 10 seeds)
1 oz (~ 21 seeds)
1 lb (~ 328 seeds)
1 kg (~ 723 seeds)
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days , or until radicle emergence.
Germination: sow seed 3/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* Quercus nigra, the water oak, is an oak in the red oak group (Quercus sect. Lobatae), native to the eastern and south-central United States, found in all the coastal states from New Jersey to Texas, and inland as far as Oklahoma, Kentucky, and southern Missouri. It occurs in lowlands and up to 450 m (1500 ft) altitude.
* Water oak serves the same ecological role as weeping willow and other wetland trees. It is adapted to wet, swampy areas, such as along ponds and stream banks, but can also tolerate well-drained sites and even heavy, compacted soils. It grows in sandy soils, red clays, and old fields to the borders of swamps, streams, to bottomlands.
* Water oak has been used for timber and for fuel by people in the southern states since the 17th century. The wood is generally sold as "red oak", mixed with the wood from other red oaks. more...
* Water oak (Quercus nigra), sometimes called possum oak or spotted oak, is commonly found along southeastern watercourses and lowlands on silty clay and loamy soils. This medium-sized rapid-growing tree is often abundant as second growth on cutover lands. It is also planted widely as a street and shade tree in southern communities.
* Water oak grows well along small streams or moist upland soils with 1270 to 1520 mm (50 to 60 in) annual rainfall during the frost-free period. Annual snowfall over the range varies from 0 to 50 cm (0 to 20 in) with 200 to 260 frost-free days. Summers of the southern-central range are warm and dry. July high temperatures vary from 21° to 46° C (70° to 115° F) and January low temperatures from 2° to -29° C (35° to -20° F) .

Water oak is particularly suited for timber, fuel, wildlife habitat, and environmental forestry . It has been widely planted in southern communities as a shade tree. Its veneer has been successfully used as plywood for fruit and vegetable containers . more...
* A handsome, rapidly growing shade tree for moist soils in the Southeast, however, Water Oak is short-lived. more...

The seed can be eaten cooked. A staple food for some native North American Indian tribes. The seed is about 15cm long and wide, it can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread.
* Prefers a good deep fertile loam which can be on the stiff side. Lime tolerant. Young plants tolerate reasonable levels of side shade. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov