Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days , or until radicle emergence
Germination: sow seed 3/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification
Introducing the Water Oak, also known as Quercus nigra, Duck Oak, Orange Oak, Possum Oak, Punk Oak, and Spotted Oak. This medium-sized rapid-growing deciduous tree is native to the eastern and south-central United States, but has been widely planted in southern communities as a shade tree. The water oak is adaptable to wet, swampy areas, such as along ponds and stream banks, but can also tolerate well-drained sites and even heavy, compacted soils. It grows in sandy soils, red clays, and old fields to the borders of swamps, streams, and bottomlands. Water oak has been used for timber since the 17th century, and is also an important food source for wildlife such as white-tailed deer, eastern gray squirrel, raccoon, wild turkey, mallard, wood duck, and bobwhite quail. Its acorns can be eaten cooked and are a staple food for some native North American Indian tribes. Plant the water oak for its handsome, rapidly growing shade in moist soils throughout the Southeast. Please note that while it is widely planted as an ornamental, it is short-lived and may not be suitable for all landscapes.