Pinus sylvestris

England, East Anglia

Scotch Pine, Scots Pine

In Stock: 8.675 lb (Total:8.675lb)
  • Pinus sylvestris England, East Anglia

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8.67 lb


Germination test:
Seeds per lb:
8.67 lb
Collected in:
United Kingdom
Seed Zone 406
Crop year:
Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

No Export to These Countries

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Introducing the Scots Pine, also known as Pinus sylvestris, a remarkable tree native to northern Europe. This resilient conifer is highly valued in forestry due to its versatile wood, which is commonly used in the production of pulp and sawn timber products. Not only is it an essential part of the European landscape, but it was also one of the first trees introduced to North America back in the 1600s.

Adaptable to a wide range of soils, the Scots Pine is a species that thrives in various environments. As stated by Wikipedia, its natural habitat includes regions from Ireland, Great Britain, and Portugal in the west, all the way to eastern Siberia in the east. Its range extends southward to the Caucasus Mountains and reaches as far north as Lapland. This tree exhibits different characteristics depending on its location, growing at sea level to 1,000 meters in the north and as a high altitude mountain tree at 1,200-2,600 meters in the south.

The Scots Pine is easily recognized by its distinctive appearance. At maturity, it can grow up to 25 meters tall with a trunk diameter of 1 meter. In exceptional cases, it can reach heights of 35-45 meters and trunk diameters of 1.7 meters. The bark varies from thick and scaly dark grey-brown on the lower trunk to thin, flaky, and orange on the upper trunk and branches. Its long, bare and straight trunk is topped by a rounded or flat-topped mass of foliage, creating a unique silhouette. With an average lifespan of 150-300 years, some specimens in Sweden have been recorded to live for over 700 years.

The Scots Pine showcases a spirally arranged scale-like pattern on its light brown shoots. Its leaves, or "needles," are a glaucous blue-green color, becoming darker green or dark yellow-green in winter. These leaves typically measure 2.5-5 cm in length and 1-2 mm in width. On vigorous young trees, the leaves can be twice as long and occasionally occur in fascicles of three or four on the tips of strong shoots. Leaf persistence varies from two to four years in warmer climates and up to nine years in subarctic regions. Meanwhile, young seedlings bear single, flattened juvenile leaves that are 2-3 cm long, featuring a serrated margin.

During pollination, the seed cones of the Scots Pine turn red, then pale brown. In their first year, they are globose and measure 4-8 mm in diameter. By their second year, they reach full size, becoming pointed ovoid-conic and green, eventually maturing to a grey-green to yellow-brown color. The cones typically span from 3-7.5 cm in length and have a flat to pyramidal apophysis, with a small prickle on the umbo. The seeds themselves are blackish, measuring 3-5 mm long, and possess a pale brown wing that spans between 12-20 mm. These seeds are released when the cones open in the spring, 22-24 months after pollination. Additionally, the Scots Pine features yellow pollen cones that can occasionally be pink, measuring 8-12 mm in length. Pollen release occurs in mid to late spring.

In terms of taxonomy, there have been over 100 varieties of the Scots Pine described in the botanical literature, although only three or four are now widely accepted. The genetic analysis and resin composition demonstrate slight differences among these varieties. Notably, populations in westernmost Scotland are genetically distinct from the rest of Scotland and northern Europe. However, they haven't been recognized as a separate botanical variety. Similarly, trees in the far north were once considered var. lapponica but are now recognized as part of the clinal variation within the species.

In conclusion, the beautiful Scots Pine is a species that holds immense ecological and commercial value. Its ability to adapt to different environments allows it to thrive across a vast range, from sea level to high altitudes. With its blue-green needles and striking orange-red bark, this distinctive tree stands out in any landscape. Whether you are a forestry enthusiast or simply appreciate the beauty of nature, the Scots Pine is a remarkable addition to any environment. For more information, visit our website or consult the USDA Plant website for additional resources.

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