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Author:Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service
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Pinus resinosa (Red Pine) Sheffield's Seed Co., Inc.
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Pinus resinosa (Red Pine) Sheffield's Seed Co., Inc.
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1984 crop Prince Edward Island, Canada

Pinus resinosa

Norway Pine, Red Pine

  • Pinus resinosa

Please select the quantity desired, and we will advise availability and price as soon as possible.


Min. hardiness zone:
Inventory ID:

No Export to These Countries

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: none required
Germination: sow seed 1/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

In a Nutshell:

* Pinus resinosa, known as red pine or Norway pine, is a pine native to North America. It occurs from Newfoundland west to Manitoba, and south to Pennsylvania, with several smaller, disjunct populations occurring in the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia and West Virginia, as well as a few small pockets in extreme northern New Jersey and one in north central Illinois.
* Red pine is a coniferous evergreen tree characterized by tall, straight growth in a variety of habitats. It usually ranges from 20–35 m (66–115 ft) in height and 1 m (3 ft 3 in) in trunk diameter, exceptionally reaching 43 m (141 ft) tall. The crown is conical, becoming a narrow rounded dome with age.
* The bark is thick and gray-brown at the base of the tree, but thin, flaky and bright orange-red in the upper crown, the tree's name derives from this distinctive character. Some red color may be seen in the fissures of the bark.
* The species is self pruning, there tend not to be dead branches on the trees, and older trees may have very long lengths of branchless trunk below the canopy.
* The species is notable for its very constant morphology and low genetic variation throughout its range, suggesting it has been through a near extinction in its recent evolutionary history.
* This species is intolerant of shade, but does well in windy sites, it grows best in well-drained soil. It is a long-lived tree, reaching a maximum age of about 500 years.
* The wood is commercially valuable in forestry for timber and paper pulp, and the tree is also used for landscaping.
* The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. It is a valuable remedy used internally in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections. more...
* The red pine is the state tree of Minnesota.


A good tough tree; when grown in the open, branches heavily on a short trunk; oval crown when mature; green or dark green needles 5-6"; used as a lumber tree and ornamental; grows best in colder climates; native to northeastern North America, where it grows on dry rocky or sandy soil.

Usda description:

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