Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 30 -60days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Pinus massoniana, also known as Masson's Pine or Chinese Red Pine, is an evergreen tree native to central and southern China, Taiwan, and northern Vietnam. It grows up to 25-45 meters in height with a broad, rounded crown of long branches. The bark is thick and greyish-brown at the base of the trunk, becoming orange-red, thin, and flaking higher up. Its needle-like leaves are dark green, 12-20cm long, and persistently fascicled. The tree's wood is widely used in construction, railway sleepers, mine timber, furniture, wood pulp, and more. Its resin is also a source of Chinese rosin, and its leaves are used to flavor Lapsang souchong tea. Pinus Massoniana is a common plantation forestry tree for replacing the loss of natural forest in Southern China. It is hardy to zone 7 and prefers acidic and neutral soil.