Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Bodark, Bois D'Arc, Horse Apple, Hedge Maclura pomifera - Maclura aurantiaca, Toxylon pomiferum, Toxylon maclura

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Maclura pomifera







Common Name:

Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Bodark, Bois D'Arc, Horse Apple, Hedge

Seeds Per Pound:
0.66 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
40-60 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 0.66 lb
  • Maclura pomifera

Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet (~ 23 seeds)
10 gram (~ 302 seeds)
1 oz (~ 856 seeds)
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: none required.
Stratification: cold stratify for 30 days.
Germination: sow 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: can be fall sown without stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* The trees range from 40–60 feet (12–18 m) high with short trunk and round-topped head. The juice is milky and acrid. The roots are thick, fleshy, covered with bright orange bark.The leaves are arranged alternately on a slender growing shoot 3–4 feet (0.91–1.2 m) long, varying from dark to pale tender green. In form they are very simple, a long oval terminating in a slender point. In the axil of every growing leaf is found a growing spine which when mature is about 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, and rather formidable. The pistillate and staminate flowers are on different trees; both are inconspicuous; but the fruit is very much in evidence. more...
* Shiny green leaves, yellow or yellow green in fall, thorny, especially when young, nice vertically fissured brown bark, appealing huge round fruit, to 6", light green, filled with a sticky white sap and a sloppy mess once they fall, so choose male plants for use around homes, fruits popular food with animals, orange wood, very rot resistant, used for making bows for archery, native to south central U.S.
* One of the most durable woods in N. America, it is seldom used commercially, but is used locally for fence posts,piers, bows etc and makes an excellent fuel. more...
* When Lewis and Clark reached St. Louis in 1804, they were so impressed by the versatile and durable Osage Orange tree that it was the first specimen that they sent east.
* Before the invention of barbed wire in the 1880's, the Osage Orange was planted in hedges to contain farm animals. The dense mass was "pig tight, horse high and bull strong." The name Hedge Apple derives from this application. more...