European Beech Fagus sylvatica - Fagus cochleata, Fagus comptoniifolia, Fagus cuprea, Fagus echinata, Fagus incisa, Fagus laciniata

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Fagus sylvatica

Family:

Fagaceae

Genus:

Fagus

Species:

sylvatica

Common Name:

European Beech

Height:
160 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
5

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  • Fagus sylvatica

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days, [longer stratification,150 days, can increase germination ].
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: can be fall sown without stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* It is a large tree , capable of reaching heights of up to 49 m (160 ft) tall and 3m (10 ft) trunk diameter, though more typically 25-35 m (80-115 ft) tall and up to 1.5 m (5 ft) trunk diameter. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m (13 ft) tall. It has a typical lifespan of 150 to 200 years, though sometimes up to 300 years.
* A magnificent, stately tree, smooth gray bark, somewhat darker than the American species, beautiful pale green leaves, late to emerge, darkening later in the season, golden bronze fall color, withstands pruning, good for hedges, parent of many pendulous, dwarf, and red- and black-leaved cultivars.
* The wood of the European beech is used in the manufacture of numerous objects and implements. Its fine and short grain makes it an easy wood to work with, easy to soak, dye (except its heartwood), varnish and glue. Steaming makes the wood even easier to machine. It has an excellent finish and is resistant to compression and splitting. more...
* The seed is eaten raw or cooked. A pleasant sweet flavour, though rather small and fiddly. The seed can also be dried and ground into a powder and then used with cereal flours when making bread, cakes etc. The seed is rich in oil. The seed should not be eaten in large quantities because it contains a deleterious principle. The seed contains 17 - 20% of an edible semi-drying oil. This stores well without going rancid and is said to be equal in delicacy to olive oil. It is used as a dressing for salads and also for cooking. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov
Bonsai Comments:

This Bonsai is a slow grower, but worth the wait. The grey smooth bark is attractive, and it has the darkest green leaves of the beeches. Trunks will thicken over time. This beech likes full sun, except in the heat of summer when it prefers some shade and plenty of water. The autumn leaves turn gold to yellow, a stunning show for this stand-up bonsai.


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