California Yerba Santa, Mountain Balm, Consumptive Weed, Bear Weed Eriodictyon californicum

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Eriodictyon californicum







Common Name:

California Yerba Santa, Mountain Balm, Consumptive Weed, Bear Weed

Seeds Per Pound:
0.04 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
6-8 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 0.04 lb
  • Eriodictyon californicum

Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet (~ 217 seeds)
1 gram (~ 5525 seeds)
10 gram (~ 55250 seeds)
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: none required.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: surface sow and keep moist, tamp the soil. Cover to keep light out. Remove cover after germination.
In a Nutshell:
* Eriodictyon californicum is a species of plant within the Boraginaceae family. It is also known as yerba santa, mountain balm, consumptive's weed and bear weed.
* It is native to California and Oregon, where it grows in several types of habitats, including chaparral and Coast redwood forests.

Eriodictyon californicum is a shrub growing one to three meters tall, typically found in clonal stands. The smaller branches and foliage are coated in a sticky resin and are often dusted with black fungi, Heterosporium californicum. more...
* The shrub is known to be an occasional source of nutrition for wildlife and livestock.
* Yerba Santa (the name means Holy weed) is a famous domestic remedy from south-western N. America where it is considered to be especially useful as an expectorant. It is an ingredient of many patent cough medicines. The leaves are an aromatic pleasant tasting tonic herb that reduces spasms, expels phlegm and lowers fevers. They are especially recommended for treating diseases of the chest and respiratory system, including asthma, and are also used in the treatment of hay fever.
* Eriodictyol is one of the 4 flavanones identified in this plant by the Symrise Corporation as having taste-modifying properties, the other three being: homoeriodictyol, its sodium salt and sterubin. These compounds have potential uses in food and pharmaceutical industry to mask bitter taste.
* This species of shrub is used for revegetating damaged or disturbed lands, such as overgrazed rangeland. It is, however, strongly fire-adapted, sprouting from rhizomes after wildfire and developing a waxy film of flammable resins on its foliage.
* Eriodictyon californicum is a specific Papilio eurymedon butterfly food and habitat plant. more...
* The fresh leaves are chewed for their refreshing taste and to relieve thirst. An aromatic sweet tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves. An extract of the leaves is used as a flavouring in baked goods, sweets, ice cream and soft drinks.
* The leaves have been woven into skirts and aprons. more...

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Eriodictyon californicum (Hook. & Arn.) Torr.
California yerba santa

Duration Perennial
Growth Habit Shrub
Native Status L48 (N)
Federal T/E Status
National Wetland Indicator
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio High
Coppice Potential Yes
Fall Conspicuous No
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Purple
Flower Conspicuous Yes
Foliage Color Dark Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous
Foliage Texture Fine
Fruit/Seed Color Brown
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
Growth Form Colonizing
Growth Rate Moderate
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet) 6
Height, Mature (feet) 8.0
Known Allelopath No
Leaf Retention Yes
Lifespan Moderate
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation None
Resprout Ability Yes
Shape and Orientation Erect
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Cold Stratification Required No
Drought Tolerance High
Fertility Requirement Low
Fire Tolerance High
Frost Free Days, Minimum 250
Hedge Tolerance High
Moisture Use Low
pH, Minimum 7.0
pH, Maximum 8.0
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum 10
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum 1200
Precipitation, Minimum 9
Precipitation, Maximum 24
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 6
Salinity Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Temperature, Minimum (°F) -3
Bloom Period Spring
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall
Fruit/Seed Persistence No
Propagated by Bare Root Yes
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container Yes
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings Yes
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 40000
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Seedling Vigor Medium
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product No
Fodder Product No
Fuelwood Product
Lumber Product No
Naval Store Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes
Palatable Browse Animal Low
Palatable Graze Animal Low
Palatable Human No
Post Product No
Protein Potential Low
Pulpwood Product No
Veneer Product No
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