In a Nutshell:
* The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is a species in the family Fabaceae (commonly known as the bean, pea or legume family).
* Black skinned Peanuts are very similar to other large peanuts except that the skins are black, the meat is slightly darker and they have a somewhat sweeter flavor.
* The seeds have a delicious nutty flavour and can be eaten on their own either raw or roasted.
* Peanuts can be used like other legumes and grains to make a lactose-free milk-like beverage, peanut milk. Peanut milk is promoted in Africa as a way to reduce malnutrition among children.
* Peanuts have a variety of industrial end uses. Paint, varnish, lubricating oil, leather dressings, furniture polish, insecticides, and nitroglycerin are made from peanut oil. Soap is made from saponified oil, and many cosmetics contain peanut oil and its derivatives. The protein portion is used in the manufacture of some textile fibers. Peanut shells are used in the manufacture of plastic, wallboard, abrasives, fuel, cellulose (used in rayon and paper) and mucilage (glue). Rudolf Diesel ran some of the first engines that bear his name on peanut oil and it is still seen as a potentially useful fuel. more...
* Seed - pre-soak for 12 hours in warm water and sow the seed in mid spring in a warm greenhouse. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots of fairly rich soil and grow them on fast, planting them out after the last expected frosts and giving them some protection (such as a cloche) until they have settled down and are growing well. more...