Slippery Elm, Red Elm Ulmus rubra - Ulmus fulva

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Ulmus rubra winged

Family:

Ulmaceae

Genus:

Ulmus

Species:

rubra

Common Name:

Slippery Elm, Red Elm

Height:
50-70 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
3

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  • Ulmus rubra

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: sow seed 1/16" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* The Slippery Elm is a deciduous tree which can grow to 20 m in height with a 50 cm d.b.h. . The tree has a different branching pattern than American Elm, and its heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree its alternative common name 'Red Elm'. The leaves are 10–18 cm long and have a rough texture, coarsely double-serrate margin and an oblique base. The perfect wind-pollinated apetalous flowers are produced before the leaves in early spring, usually in clusters of 10–20. The fruit is an oval winged samara 20 mm long and containing a single, central seed . Slippery Elm may be distinguished from American Elm by the hairiness of the buds and twigs (both smooth on the American Elm) and by its very short-stalked flowers. more...
* Slippery elm bark is a widely used herbal remedy and is considered to be one of the most valuable of remedies in herbal practice. In particular, it is a gentle and effective remedy for irritated states of the mucous membranes of the chest, urinary tubules, stomach and intestines. The inner bark contains large quantities of a sticky slime that can be dried to a powder or made into a liquid. The inner bark is harvested in the spring from the main trunk and from larger branches, it is then dried and powdered for use as required. Ten year old bark is said to be best. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov