Eastern Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Northern

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Tsuga canadensis Northern









Common Name:

Eastern Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock

100-150 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Tsuga canadensis Northern

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 30 -120days.
Germination: sow seed 1/8" deep, tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, remove mulch upon germination, cover seedbed with some shade.
Other: seedlings need shade for their first year.
In a Nutshell:
* The eastern hemlock grows well in shade and is very long lived, with the oldest recorded specimen being at least 554 years old. The tree generally reaches heights of about 31 metres (100 feet), but exceptional trees have been recorded up to 53 metres (173 feet). The diameter of the trunk at breast height is often 1.5 metres (5 feet), but again, outstanding trees have been recorded up to 1.75 meters (6 feet). The trunk is usually straight and monopodial, but very rarely is forked. The crown is broadly conic, while the brownish bark is scaly and deeply fissured, especially with age. more...
* This is a grand, tall, graceful conifer with shiny dark green foliage. It is best planted out of strong winds and sun in moist, acid soil, although may tolerate some lime. The tree doesn't mind shade but dislikes high temperatures and drought. It adapts well to pruning and makes a magnificent hedge. This is the parent of a large number of cultivars, it is native from coastal Canada to Minnesota and south to Georgia and Alabama.