Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Scotch Pine, also known as Scots Pine or Pinus sylvestris, is a beautiful evergreen coniferous tree that is native to Europe and Asia. It is widely recognized for its distinctive long, bare and straight trunk with a rounded or flat-topped mass of foliage. This tree is extremely adaptable to various soils and can grow up to 25 meters in height when mature, exceptionally to 35-45 meters tall on very productive sites. The bark is thick, scaly dark grey-brown on the lower trunk, and thin, flaky and orange on the upper trunk and branches. The leaves of this tree are a glaucous blue-green, often darker green to dark yellow-green in winter, and are produced in fascicles of two with a persistent grey basal sheath. The seed cones are red at pollination, then pale brown, globose and can be between 3-7.5 centimeters in length. Scotch Pine is an important tree in forestry, with its wood being used for pulp and sawn timber products. It is even used as a Christmas tree when in its youth due to its irregular pyramid shape. This tree is extremely popular due to its beautiful appearance and ability to thrive in various environments.