Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 3/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Nyssa sylvatica, also known as Beetlebung, Black Tupelo, Blackgum, Pepperidge, and Sourgum, is an excellent ornamental tree that thrives in parks and large gardens. The tree develops a pyramidal shape in youth, before spreading with age, making it ideal for use as a specimen or shade tree. Its foliage is variable in size and shape, being oval, elliptical, or obovate, measuring 5-12 cm long and turning purple in autumn. This tree is found in both upland and wetland habitats across eastern North America, where its flowers provide an important source of honey and its fruits are significant for birds. The tree's hollow trunks also provide nesting opportunities for bees and different mammals. Nyssa sylvatica is a long-living non-clonal flowering plant and can live for over 650 years. Its fruits are edible and have a pleasant, acidic pulp that can be used to make preserves. The hard and heavy wood of this tree makes it useful for various purposes, including firewood, pallets, and agricultural rollers. Finally, the scientific name of the tree means "water nymph of the woods" in Latin, and the tree's common name "Tupelo" is of Native American origin.