Koelreuteria bipinnata

Chinese Flame Tree, Golden Rain Tree

In Stock: 0.656 lb (Total:0.656lb)
  • Koelreuteria bipinnata

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Seed lots

0.7 lb


Germination test:
Seeds per lb:
0.66 lb
Collected in:
Crop year:
Min. hardiness zone:
Inventory ID:

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in cold water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 30-60 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification 

Introducing the Koelreuteria bipinnata Chinese Flame Tree, also known as the Chinese Golden Rain Tree or Bougainvillea Golden Rain Tree. Native to southern China, this small to medium-sized deciduous tree is a stunning addition to any landscape.

The leaves of the Koelreuteria bipinnata are alternate, bipinnately compound leaves with an ovate shape and a pinnate venation. They are usually green in color, but come fall, they transform into a beautiful shade of yellow. These leaves measure between 5-10 cm long, adding a touch of elegance to the tree.

In the summer months of July to August, the Chinese Flame Tree showcases small, yellow flowers with a hint of red at the base. These flowers are produced in large branched panicles that can reach lengths of 20-50 cm. Not only are they showy and vibrant, but they also emit a pleasant fragrance, making them truly irresistible.

The fruit of the Koelreuteria bipinnata is a three-lobed inflated papery capsule that is approximately 3-6 cm long. Within these capsules, you'll find several hard, nut-like seeds that have a charming pink color and measure 5-10 mm in diameter. These unique fruits add an interesting element to the tree, making it even more captivating.

With a thin and brown bark, the Koelreuteria bipinnata has a few upright branches that will bend down slightly as the tree grows. However, it's important to note that these branches can be susceptible to breaking due to poor collar formation. Regular pruning is recommended to build a strong branching structure and maintain a single stem, if desired.

This tree thrives in nutritionally poor soil types, including clay, sand, and well-drained alkaline loam. It requires full sun exposure and minimal watering, making it quite low maintenance. The Chinese Flame Tree is also known to tolerate wind, air pollution, aerosol salt spray, heat, and drought.

Koelreuteria bipinnata is commonly used as a focal point in landscape designs, particularly in regions where it thrives. Whether planted in streets, highways, parking lots, or gardens, this tree is a sight to behold. The seeds of this tree are also used as beads in necklaces, and the flowers can yield a vibrant yellow dye.

Overall, the Koelreuteria bipinnata Chinese Flame Tree is a remarkable tree that adds beauty, fragrance, and unique features to any outdoor space. Its striking yellow late summer flowers and attractive seed "pods" make it a true treasure. So why wait? Add the Chinese Flame Tree to your landscape and enjoy its charms for many years to come. For more information, visit our website.

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269 NY-34 Locke NY 13092

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