Turkish Hazelnut, Turkish Filbert Corylus colurna - Corylus bizantina , Corylus cervorum , Corylus abchasica

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Corylus colurna







Common Name:

Turkish Hazelnut, Turkish Filbert

50-70 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Corylus colurna

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 180 days.
Germination: sow seed 3/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* Corylus colurna is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree in Europe and North America. It is very tolerant of difficult growing conditions in urban situations, which has increased its popularity in civic planting schemes in recent decades. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
* The nuts are edible, but their small size (smaller than Common Hazel nuts) and very hard, thick nut shell (3 mm thick) makes them of little or no commercial value. Corylus colurna is however important in commercial hazelnut orchards, as it does not sucker, making it the ideal rootstock on which to graft the nut-bearing Common Hazel cultivars. more...
* An impressive, handsome tree of pyramidal form, usually short trunked and low-branching, dark green, sometimes leathery leaves, pest free, likes full sun, hot summers, cold winters, drought tolerant when established, a potential street tree.
* An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility.
* The seed is eaten raw or cooked. Rich in oil. As nice a flavour as C. avellana, the common hazel nut. The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months. An edible oil is obtained from the seed. more...