Carya illinoinensis var. wild collectionCarya illinoinensis
var. wild collection
Pecan, Wild Pecan
In Stock: 20.555 lb (Total:25.614lb)
Carya illinoinensis - wild collection
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Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours, repeat process daily for 4 days
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
The pecan, scientifically known as Carya illinoinensis var. wild collection, is a species of hickory tree. It is native to south-central North America, including regions in Mexico, the United States, and parts of New Mexico. These tall and straight-trunked trees are the fastest growing among the hickories and prefer deep and nutrient-rich soil.
One of the unique aspects of the wild collection pecan is that the seed produced from these trees are smaller and have harder shells compared to other varieties. Some pecan species have distinct characteristics that allow them to thrive in different conditions, such as humid or dry environments. In particular, wild pecans tend to be more hardy when grown in regions with hot summers and high humidity.
According to Wikipedia, the pecan tree is a large deciduous tree that can grow up to 20-40 meters in height, with some claims of trees reaching up to 44 meters. The leaves are alternate and pinnate, with 9-17 leaflets. The flowers are wind-pollinated and appear in catkins on the same tree. The fruit is an oval to oblong nut, with a dark brown color and a rough husk that splits off in four sections to release the thin-shelled nut.
The pecan nuts are not true nuts, but rather a type of drupe, which is a fruit with a single stone or pit. The nuts are edible and have a rich and buttery flavor. They can be enjoyed fresh or used in various sweet desserts, such as the well-known pecan pie. Pecans are also a popular ingredient in praline candy and are used for flavoring fuel in smoking meats.
In addition to their culinary uses, the wood of the pecan tree is also valued for making furniture and hardwood flooring. The wild collection pecan tree requires a deep and moisture-retentive loam soil in a sunny and sheltered position. It thrives in areas with a good summer climate and can tolerate a pH range of 4.5 to 8.3. While they may not grow as well in certain regions, a tree at Cambridge Botanical Gardens reached a height of 20 meters in 1985.
Although pecans are native to the United States, their history dates back to the 16th century when they were introduced to Europeans by Spanish explorers. Notable figures like Thomas Jefferson and George Washington planted pecan trees, and pecan cultivation has been part of American culture ever since.
Overall, the wild collection pecan is a versatile and resilient tree that provides not only delicious nuts but also valuable wood. Its adaptability to different environments and its rich cultural history make it a fascinating and rewarding tree to grow.