Plant at least three different types of flowers in your bee garden to ensure blooms through as many seasons as possible. This will provide bees and other pollinators with a constant source of food. For example:
Crocus, hyacinth, borage, calendula, and wild lilac provide enticing spring blooms in a bee garden.
Bees feast on bee balm, cosmos, echinacea, snapdragons foxglove, and hosta in the summer.
For fall, zinnias, sedum, asters, witch hazel and goldenrod are late bloomers that will tempt foragers.
Leave a patch of the garden in a sunny spot uncultivated for native bees that burrow. Some native bees also need access to soil surface for nesting. For wood- and stem-nesting bees, this means piles of branches, bamboo sections, hollow reeds, or nesting blocks made out of untreated wood. Mason bees need a source of water and mud, and many kinds of bees are attracted to weedy, untended hedgerows. You can also support our Sponsor-a-Hiveprogram, which places solitary bee homes (and honey bee hives) in school and community gardens across the U.S.
Avoid using herbicides or pesticides in the bee garden. They not only can be toxic to bees but also are best not introduced to children or adults that visit your garden. Ladybugs, spiders, and praying mantises will naturally keep pest populations in check.