American Basswood, Basswood, American linden Tilia americana

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Tilia americana







Common Name:

American Basswood, Basswood, American linden

80 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Tilia americana

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: Sporadic germination may occur over a 2-3 year period.
In a Nutshell:
* It is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 60 to 120 ft (exceptionally 129 ft) with a trunk diameter of 3-4 ft at maturity. The crown is domed, the branches spreading, often pendulous. The bark is gray to light brown, with narrow, well defined fissures. The roots are large, deep, and spreading. The twigs are smooth, reddish-green, becoming light gray in their second year, finally dark brown or brownish gray, marked with dark wart-like excrescences. The winter buds are stout, ovate-acute, smooth, deep red, with two bud scales visible. more...
* This is a tall deciduous tree with heart-shaped up to 8" dark green leaves. It is often multitrunked with branches near the ground. The tough gray to brown bark is smooth and the pale yellow 1/2" flowers are in clusters and fragrant. A favorite of bees they make good honey from the nectar. The tree likes good rich soil, but will grow in dry areas. It is a useful timber tree that is native from Canada west to North Dakota, south to Virginia and Texas.
* A commercially important timber in its native range. The white wood is excellent for turning and carving, it is used for making woodenware such as spoons, cheap furniture, pulp etc. more...
* American basswood is a stately, wide-spreading tree, 60-80 ft. tall, occasionally growing taller. Conical in its younger form, the crown becomes rounded with age. Broadly oval leaves sometimes change to yellow in fall but often turn brown and become somewhat unsightly. This deciduous tree tends to sprout at the base, producing a clump of tall trees around what was the original tree. Flowers are inconspicuous but fragrant. Large tree with long trunk and a dense crown of many small, often drooping branches and large leaves, frequently has two or more trunks, and sprouts in a circle from a stump.
* American Basswood, the northernmost basswood species, is a handsome shade and street tree. When flowering, the trees are full of bees, hence the name Bee-tree, this species is favored by bees over others and produces a strongly flavored honey. The soft, light wood is especially useful for making food boxes, yardsticks, furniture, and pulpwood. Indians made ropes and woven mats from the tough fibrous inner bark. more...
Usda description:
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