Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: if hot water treatment does not allow seed to imbibe, sulfuric acid treatment is required|can be fall sown without stratification.
Shepherdia argentea, commonly known as Silver Buffaloberry or Bullberry, is a deciduous shrub native to central and western North America. Featuring lovely silvery leaves, thorny branches, and red or orange edible fruit, it is tolerant of cold, high pH, and drought and can be grown as a hedge or windbreak. The shrub's roots system is wide-ranging, making it an ideal candidate for erosion control. It also provides important habitat for many small animal species and is a staple food to some American Indians. Its various uses include food, medicine, dye, and coming-of-age ceremonies for girls. With a height ranging from 2–6 meters tall, the Silver Buffaloberry is one of the mainstays of the diet of the sharp-tailed grouse, and its foliage provides important forage for mule deer and white-tailed deer. Overall, this shrub plays an essential role in a variety of ecological communities and can be found across the United States and Canada.