Rhus chinensis

Chinese Sumac, Nutgall Tree

In Stock: 4.693 lb (Total:4.693lb)
  • RHUS chinensis

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4.69 lb


Germination test:
Cut (Full Seed)
Seeds per lb:
4.69 lb
Collected in:
Crop year:
Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination

Other: if boiling water treatment does not allow seed to imbibe, sulfuric acid treatment is required 

Introducing Rhus chinensis Chinese Sumac, Nutgall Tree - a remarkable plant with multiple uses and beneficial properties!

Rhus chinensis, also known as the Chinese sumac or nutgall tree, is a deciduous tree that can reach a height of 6 meters. This hardy plant thrives in zones 8 and above, and its enchanting flowers bloom in August, followed by ripening seeds in October.

This extraordinary species is used to produce galls, known as Chinese gall or Galla Chinensis, which are rich in gallotannins - a type of hydrolysable tannins. These galls are highly valued as a commercial product, with Chinese medicine utilizing them to effectively treat various ailments such as coughs, diarrhea, night sweats, dysentery, and to stop intestinal and uterine bleeding. Additionally, compounds found in Rhus chinensis possess potent antiviral, antibacterial, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antidiarrheal, and antioxidant activities.

One notable component extracted from Rhus chinensis is gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid), which has been isolated and found to induce apoptosis in a human monocytic lymphoma cell line. This suggests its potential as a chemotherapeutic agent against lymphoma. Furthermore, the gall of Rhus chinensis exhibits inhibitory effects on alpha-glucosidase activity.

Apart from its medicinal uses, Rhus chinensis also presents excellent ornamental features. Its shiny dark green summer foliage, flower panicles in late summer, fruiting clusters in fall, and vibrant autumn colors make it a stunning addition to any landscape. However, it should be noted that due to its aggressive and weedy nature, it is best suited for dry, informal, and naturalized areas where it can spread and form colonies. It is perfect for erosion control on slopes or in areas with poorer soils, and it harmonizes beautifully in open woodland areas, wood margins, and wild spaces.

In traditional herbal medicine, different parts of Rhus chinensis are utilized for their therapeutic properties. The seed is used to treat coughs, dysentery, fever, jaundice, malaria, and rheumatism. Leaves and roots are considered depurative and stimulate blood circulation. A decoction of Rhus chinensis is commonly used to treat haemoptysis, inflammations, laryngitis, snakebite, stomach-ache, and traumatic fractures. The stem bark acts as an astringent and anthelmintic, while the fruit is used to alleviate colic. Galls found on the plant are known for their astringent and styptic properties, making them effective in the treatment of conditions such as diarrhea and hemorrhage.

Although Rhus chinensis offers numerous health and aesthetic benefits, caution is advised when using the leaves and stems of this plant. We recommend consulting a healthcare professional or herbalist before incorporating Rhus chinensis into your personal care or medicinal routine.

For more information on Rhus chinensis, including its scientific classification and physical characteristics, visit our website at http://plants.usda.gov. Explore the wonders of Rhus chinensis Chinese Sumac, Nutgall Tree and unlock its potential for a healthier and more beautiful lifestyle!

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