Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days , or until radicle emergence
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification
Looking for a beautiful and versatile tree to plant in your garden? Look no further than Quercus robur, also known as English Oak or Pedunculate Oak. This large deciduous tree can reach heights of 25-35 meters, with some exceptional specimens growing up to 50 meters tall. The leaves of Quercus robur are lobed and nearly sessile, meaning they have very short stalks, and can grow up to 14 cm long.
Quercus robur is not only a stunning ornamental tree but also a valuable resource for forestry. Its heartwood is highly durable and long-lasting, making it in high demand for interior and furniture work. In fact, the wood of Quercus robur is known for its distinct dark and light brown growth rings, giving it a unique and beautiful appearance.
But the benefits of Quercus robur go beyond its aesthetic qualities. This tree supports a diverse range of insect herbivores, making it an important species for biodiversity. Its acorns are also a crucial food resource for small mammals and some birds, such as Eurasian Jays.
Quercus robur is native to most of Europe, but it is widely cultivated in temperate regions around the world. It is a versatile tree that can tolerate various soil conditions and climate, although it prefers fertile and well-watered soils.
With its longevity and resilience, Quercus robur is not just a tree for the present but also for future generations to enjoy. Some remarkable specimens have been found, such as the Stelmuž Oak in Lithuania, believed to be approximately 1,500 years old. This makes it possibly the oldest oak in Europe.
In conclusion, whether you are looking for a majestic addition to your garden, a valuable resource for forestry, or a tree with ecological significance, Quercus robur fits the bill. Its beauty, durability, and importance in supporting biodiversity make it an excellent choice for any landscape.