Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days, or until radicle emergence
Germination: sow 1" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification
Looking for a stunning tree that offers an array of qualities? Look no further than the Quercus phellos, also known as the Willow Oak. This North American native is a medium-sized deciduous tree that ranges from Long Island Sound down to northern Florida and as far west as eastern Texas. Standing between 20-30 meters tall (with some exceptions growing up to 39 meters!), the Willow Oak is immediately recognizable by its willow-like leaves, which are 5-12 cm long and 1-2.5 cm broad. The tree produces acorns earlier than other oak species, beginning around 15 years of age. These acorns are a vital food source for squirrels, birds, and other animal species. Willow Oaks can grow fast, up to 60 cm in height per year, and develop conic to oblong shapes when young. As they mature over 50 years, they round out and gain girth. Willow Oaks are highly desirable for horticultural planting due to their rapid growth, hardiness, balance between axial and radial dominance, ability to withstand both sun and shade, light green leaf color and full crown. They're also commercially valuable for their wood which is used in paper production and marketed as "red oak" wood. Despite their popularity for planting in urban areas, planners should keep in mind that the trees may grow larger than expected, leading to cracked sidewalks. Willow Oaks grow most commonly along lowland floodplains and streams up to 400 meters (1,300 ft) altitude, making it a top choice planting along waterways. Don't miss out on the allure and benefits of the Willow Oak. Plant one today and enjoy its beauty and utility for decades to come.