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Mark A. Garland, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
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Quercus geminata (Sand Live Oak seed) Sheffield's Seed Co., Inc.

Quercus geminata

Sand Live Oak

  • Quercus geminata

Please select the quantity desired, and we will advise availability and price as soon as possible.


Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

No Export to These Countries

New Zealand

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days , or until radicle emergence
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification 

Quercus geminata, commonly known as the Sand Live Oak, is a beautiful and versatile evergreen tree native to the coastal regions of the subtropical southeastern United States. It can be found along the Atlantic Coast from southern Florida to southeastern Virginia, and along the Gulf Coast to southern Mississippi.

As a small to medium-sized tree, the Sand Live Oak is often scrubby in appearance, forming thickets that provide excellent habitat for wildlife. Its bark is dark, thick, furrowed, and roughly ridged, adding to its rugged and natural appeal. The leaves of the Sand Live Oak are thick, leathery, and coarsely veined, with unique inverted shallow bowl-like shapes. The tops of the leaves are a dark green color, while the undersides are dull gray and tightly tomentose. These distinctive leaves, along with the densely pubescent petioles, create an eye-catching texture.

In the spring, the Sand Live Oak produces green hanging catkins as its male flowers, while the small female flowers emerge with new leaves directly from the stem. This tree also bears small oblong-ellipsoid or ovoid acorns, which are commonly found in pairs on peduncles of varying lengths.

The Sand Live Oak is an important component of the evergreen oak scrub ecosystem found in coastal Florida. This species is both abundant and ubiquitous in this region, providing crucial habitat for the threatened Florida scrub-jay. It is interesting to note that while hybridization occurs between the Sand Live Oak and the southern live oak (Quercus virginiana), these two species are genetically and morphologically distinct.

With its adaptability to sandy soils and its tolerance to drought, the Sand Live Oak is an excellent choice for landscaping in coastal regions. Its attractive appearance, combined with its ability to withstand harsh coastal conditions, makes it a popular choice for both residential and commercial landscape plantings. Additionally, the Sand Live Oak is also utilized as lumber, thanks to its sturdy wood.

In conclusion, the Sand Live Oak (Quercus geminata) is a resilient and visually striking tree that adds a touch of natural beauty to coastal landscapes. Its unique features and ability to thrive in sandy environments make it a valuable addition to any garden or landscape design. So whether you're looking for an attractive tree for your coastal property or a unique addition to your garden, the Sand Live Oak is an excellent choice.

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