In a Nutshell:
* Sand live oak is an evergreen rhizomatous shrub or medium tree to 50 feet (15.2 m), occasionally to 95 feet (28.9 m).
* Sand live oak is utilized as lumber and landscape plantings. The largest sand live oaks (co-champions) are both located in Gainesville, Alachua County, Florida. more...
* Quercus geminata, commonly called sand live oak, is an evergreen oak tree native to the coastal regions of the subtropical southeastern United States, along the Atlantic Coast from southern Florida northward to southeastern Virginia and along the Gulf Coast westward to southern Mississippi, on seacoast dunes and on white sands in evergreen oak scrubs.
* A small- to medium-sized tree, the sand live oak is scrubby and forms thickets. The bark is dark, thick, furrowed, and roughly ridged.
* The leaves are thick, leathery, and coarsely veined, with extremely revolute margins, giving them the appearance of inverted shallow bowls; their tops dark green, their bottoms dull gray and very tightly tomentose, and their petioles densely pubescent, they are simple and typically flat with bony-opaque margins, having a length of 0.75–4.5 inches (2–12 cm) and a width of 0.2–1.5 inches (0.5–4 cm).
* In coastal Florida's evergreen oak scrub, the Sand Live Oak is a ubiquitous and abundant species, the threatened Florida scrub-jay is found only in Florida scrub Live oaks, having characteristics of the sand live oak and the southern live oak (Q. virginiana), grow further inland. It is believed that these specimens are hybrids of Q. geminata and Q. virginiana. While hybridization does occur between Q. geminata and Q. virginiana, the two species are genetically and morphologically distinct. more...