Eastern Cottonwood, Cottonwood Populus deltoides

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Populus deltoides

Family:

Salicaceae

Genus:

Populus

Species:

deltoides

Common Name:

Eastern Cottonwood, Cottonwood

Seeds Per Pound:
908,000
Quantity:
0.38 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
55
Germination:
40%
Germination Test Type:
estimate
Purity:
72%
Height:
60-120 feet
Collection Locale:
Lansing, NY
Crop Year:
2021
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
4

New crop has arrived!

In Stock: 0.38 lb
Prices
Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet
$8.95
2 g
$32.77
10 g
$74.95
1 oz
$159.50
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: surface sow and keep moist, requires light for germination.
In a Nutshell:
* It is a large tree growing to 20–40 m tall and with a trunk up to 1.8 m diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. more...
* The twigs are grayish-yellow, stout, with large triangular leaf scars. more...
* The winter buds are slender, pointed, 1–2 cm long, yellowish brown, and resinous. The leaves are large, deltoid (triangular), 4–10 cm long and 4–11 cm broad with a truncated (flattened) base and a 3–12 cm long, the leaf is very coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped, the petiole is flat; they are dark green in the summer and turn yellow in the fall (but many cottonwoods in dry locations drop their leaves early from the combination of drought and leaf rust, making their fall color dull or absent). more...
[ edit ] Description Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–40 meters (66–130 feet) tall and with a trunk up to 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. The twigs are grayish-yellow, stout, with large triangular leaf scars. The winter buds are slender, pointed, 1–2 cm long (.039–0.79 inches), yellowish brown, and resinous. The leaves are large, deltoid (triangular), 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 inches) long and 4–11 cm (1.6–4.3 inches) broad with a truncated (flattened) base and a petiole 3–12 cm (1.2–4.7 inches) long. The leaf is very coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped, and the petiole is flat; they are dark green in the summer and turn yellow in the fall (but many cottonwoods in dry locations drop their leaves early from the combination of drought and leaf rust, making their fall color dull or absent). Due to the flat stem of the leaf, the leaf has the tendency to shake from even the slightest breeze. This is one of the identifying characteristics. [ 2 ] It is dioecious , with the flowers ( catkins ) produced on single-sex trees in early spring. The male (pollen) catkins are reddish-purple, 8–10 cm (2.1–3.9 inches) long; the female catkins are green, 7–13 cm (2.8–5.1 inches) long at pollination, maturing 15–20 cm (6.9–7.9 inches) long with several 6–15 mm (0.24–0.59 inches) seed capsules in early summer, which split open to release the numerous small seeds attached to cotton -like strands. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] The species is divided into three subspecies [ 1 ] [ 6 ] or up to five varieties . [ 7 ] The subspecies classification is as follows: Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides , eastern cottonwood is found in southeastern Canada (the south of Ontario and Quebec ) and the eastern United States (throughout, west to North Dakota to Texas ). Populus deltoides subsp. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenw., the plains cottonwood (syn. P. deltoides var. occidentalis Rydb.; P. sargentii Dode) ranges from southcentral Canada (southern Alberta , Saskatchewan , and Manitoba ) to the central United States and south to northern New Mexico and Texas . Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni (S.Watson) Eckenw., the Rio Grande cottonwood (syn. P. wislizeni (S.Watson) Sarg.; P. fremontii var. wislizeni S.Watson) grows from southern Colorado south through Texas to northeastern Mexico ( Chihuahua , San Luis Potosi ), and west to Arizona (presence in California , listed by GRIN [ 1 ] , is doubtful, not included in the Jepson Flora of California [ 8 ] ).
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Physical Characteristics  Populus deltoides is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone 2. It is in flower from Mar to April, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It cannot grow in the shade.It requires moist soil.The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
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Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov