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Author:John Haslam from Dornoch, Scotland
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Pinus sylvestris Guadarrama, Spain (Scots Pine seed) Sheffield's Seed Co., Inc.

Pinus sylvestris

Spain, Guadarrama

Scotch Pine, Scots Pine

  • Pinus sylvestris Spain, Guadarrama

Please select the quantity desired, and we will advise availability and price as soon as possible.


Min. hardiness zone:
Inventory ID:

No Export to These Countries

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Introducing the Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), the only pine native to northern Europe. Known for its adaptability, this tree thrives in various soils, making it a significant species in forestry. The wood is highly valued for pulp and sawn timber products. Originally introduced to North America in the 17th century, the Scots Pine has become a staple in the region. With its distinctive appearance, this evergreen coniferous tree can reach heights of up to 25 meters, and exceptionally taller on productive sites. The bark is a characteristic dark grey-brown on the lower trunk, transitioning to a thin, flaky and orange texture on the upper trunk and branches.

The Scots Pine is known for its long, bare and straight trunk, crowned with a rounded or flat-topped mass of foliage. It boasts a lifespan of 150-300 years, with some incredible specimens in Sweden reaching over 700 years old. The leaves, or "needles," are typically glaucous blue-green, but may appear darker or yellow-green in winter. They measure between 2.5-5 cm in length and are arranged in fascicles of two. Depending on the climate, leaf persistence can vary from two to nine years.

In their first year, the seed cones of the Scots Pine are red, maturing to a pale brown color in the second year. These cones reach a size of 3-7.5 cm in length and have a pointed ovoid-conic shape. The cone scales possess a flat to pyramidal apophysis, complemented by a small prickle on the umbo. The blackish seeds are approximately 3-5 mm long and feature a pale brown 12-20 mm wing. Come spring, the cones open, releasing the seeds 22-24 months after pollination. Meanwhile, the yellow pollen cones, measuring 8-12 mm in length, release pollen in mid to late spring.

Taxonomically speaking, the Scots Pine boasts various identified varieties. However, only a few of these are widely accepted due to their minimal morphological differences. The most common variety, Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestris, encompasses the majority of the tree's range. Another variety, Pinus sylvestris var. hamata, is found in the Balkans, northern Turkey, and the Caucasus, featuring foliage that remains consistently glaucous all year. Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica, on the other hand, thrives in Mongolia, southern Siberia, and northwestern China, displaying duller green foliage and occasionally longer needles. Lastly, Pinus sylvestris var. nevadensis is found in the Sierra Nevada of southern Spain and potentially other Spanish populations.

With its pyramid shape during youth and its open round or flat top as it matures, the Scots Pine is often used as a Christmas tree. Its needles measure between 1-3" in length, complementing the tree's orangish-brown bark. Whether you're interested in the forestry industry or simply admire its unique aesthetics, the Scots Pine stands out with its adaptability, long lifespan, and iconic appearance. For more information, visit our website.

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