Brutia Pine, Calabrian Pine, East Mediterranean Pine, Turkish Pine
In Stock: 4.221 lb (Total:4.221lb)
Pinus halepensis Brutia
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from inventory_item_manage i
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where i.inventory_id = '1009'
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Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: none required
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Introducing the Pinus halepensis var. brutia, also known as the Brutia Pine, Calabrian Pine, East Mediterranean Pine, or Turkish Pine. This medium-size tree reaches impressive heights of 20-35 meters, with a trunk diameter of up to 1 meter. Exceptionally, it can grow up to 2 meters in diameter. The bark is a striking orange-red color, thick and deeply fissured at the base of the trunk, and thin and flaky in the upper crown.
The leaves, or 'needles', grow in pairs and are slender, mostly measuring 10-16 cm in length. They feature a bright green to slightly yellowish-green hue. Native to the eastern Mediterranean region, the Turkish Pine primarily thrives in Turkey, but its range extends to various other regions such as Greece, Crimea, Iran, Georgia, Azerbaijan, northern Iraq, western Syria, Israel, Lebanon, and Cyprus. It mainly occurs at low altitudes, ranging from sea level to 600 meters, or up to 1,200 meters in the southern areas of its range.
The Turkish Pine, also referred to as the Calabrian Pine, East Mediterranean Pine, and Brutia Pine, is a popular choice for timber production. It is extensively planted not only within its native area, where it holds great importance in forestry, but also across the Mediterranean region, stretching as far east as Pakistan.
Furthermore, this magnificent tree has gained popularity as an ornamental choice for hot and dry regions. Its heat and drought tolerance make it an excellent option for parks and gardens in areas such as southern California, Arizona, southern Nevada, and west and central Texas in the United States. With its stiffer and darker green needles measuring 4-6 inches, it adds a touch of elegance to any landscape.
Pinus brutia holds great historical significance as well. It was the species of the iconic "Lone Pine," a prominent landmark tree during an ANZAC First World War battle at Gallipoli. Cones from this battlefield were brought back to Australia as living memorials, symbolizing resilience and remembrance.
Notably, Turkish Pine is also a host to the sap-sucking aphid Marchalina hellenica. While it does not cause significant damage to the tree, its sugar secretion, known as honeydew, is collected by honeybees to create a uniquely flavored honey called "pine honey" with reputed medicinal benefits.
Appreciated for its strength, beauty, and adaptability, Pinus halepensis var. brutia continues to captivate both nature enthusiasts and forestry experts alike. Whether you seek a majestic addition to your garden or a reliable timber source, this remarkable tree is sure to impress.