Pinus albicaulis

Whitebark Pine

  • Pinus albicaulis

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Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 120 days
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Discover the majestic Pinus albicaulis, also known as the Whitebark Pine, Pitch Pine, Scrub Pine, and Creeping Pine, native to the mountains of Western United States and Canada. This conifer tree is typically found in subalpine areas of mountain ranges, marking the tree line, and often is found as krummholz, dwarfed by exposure to the elements. In more favorable conditions, the Whitebark Pine can grow up to 80 ft tall. It thrives in well-drained sandy or gravelly loam in a sunny position and dislikes poorly drained moorland soils. The Whitebark Pine is an essential food source for granivorous birds and small mammals, especially the Clark's nutcracker, which disperses the seeds of the pine. However, the Whitebark Pine is endangered due to several factors, including white pine blister rust, outbreaks of mountain pine beetles, disturbances in wildland fire ecology, forest succession, and climate change. Take the time to discover this extraordinary tree and learn how you can help preserve it.

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