Elephant Grass Pennisetum purpureum

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Botanical Name:

Pennisetum purpureum







Common Name:

Elephant Grass

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  • Pennisetum purpureum

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Pennisetum purpureum ( Napier Grass or Uganda Grass ) is a species of grass native to the tropical grasslands of Africa . It is a tall perennial plant , growing to 2–4.5 metres (6.6–14.8 ft) tall, rarely up to 7.5 metres (25 ft), with leaves 30–120 centimetres (12–47 in) long and 1–5 centimetres (0.39–2.0 in) broad.
Usda description:

More info on http://plants.usda.gov


Elephant grass, a tropical plant ,also known as Napier grass or Ugandan grass.

Flowers of elephant grass are arranged in the form of elongated seed-heads. Each seed-head consists of numerous spikelets that are surrounded with fine bristles. Seed-heads can be greenish, yellow or purple colored. Flowers of elephant head contain both types of reproductive organs (perfect flowers).
Elephant grass blooms during the spring and summer. Flowers are designed for pollination by wind.
Fruit of elephant grass is dry, seed-like grain (caryopsis). Seed is small, brown-colored and oval shaped.
Animals, wind and water facilitate dispersal of seed of elephant grass in the wild.
Elephant grass propagates via seed, sprigs and stem cuttings.
Elephant grass is used as animal fodder (primary source of food for dairy cattle in East Africa). Elephant grass can be easily cultivated in many areas because it does not require too much water and nutrients for the successful growth. Elephant grass can be harvested 4 to 6 times per year.
Elephant grass is often cultivated near commercially important crops, such as maize and sorghum, to attract pests (such as stemborer moths) and prevent damage on the main agricultural crops.
Dense stands of elephant grass provide shelter for many birds.
Elephant grass is often cultivated as windbreak and firebreak. It is also used to improve fertility of the soil and in the control of erosion.
Elephant grass is used for the manufacture of paper, oil, biogas and charcoal.
Uncontrolled growth of elephant grass can clog waterways and induce floods.
Elephant grass is perennial plant that can survive up to 20 years in the wild.
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