Opium Poppy Papaver somniferum

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Papaver somniferum







Common Name:

Opium Poppy

2-3 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
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  • Papaver somniferum

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Growing Info:
Scarification: none required.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: surface sow and keep moist, tamp the soil, requires light for germination.
In a Nutshell:
* Opium poppy , Papaver somniferum , is the species of plant from which opium and poppy seeds are extracted. Opium is the source of many opiates , including morphine , thebaine , codeine , papaverine , and noscapine . The Latin botanical name means, loosely, the "sleep-bringing poppy", referring to the sedative properties of some of these opiates. more...
* An annual poppy with lovely shiny gray-blue foliage and white, pink, red, or purple flowers, often double; easy to grow; may self-seed prolifically; numerous color forms and cultivars exist; native to southeast Europe and western Asia. This plant is illegal to grow in the US because it is the source for the drug opium. more...
* Highly nutritious, the seed contains about 22.7% protein, 48% fat, 9.8% carbohydrate, 7.1% ash. It is also a good source of lecithin. The seeds are rather small, but there are large numbers of them contained in capsules 3cm or more in diameter and so they are easy to harvest and utilize. The seeds are perfectly safe to eat, containing very little if any of the narcotic principles. However, although the seeds contain no narcotic alkaloids, analysis of the urine following their ingestion may produce similar results to the analysis of the urine of morphine or heroin addicts. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov