Paeonia californica

California Peony

  • Paeonia californica

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Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: warm stratify for 90 days, cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep , tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

"Paeonia californica, also known as California Peony or Wild Peony, is a stunning perennial herbaceous plant that thrives in the unique climate of southwestern California and northernmost Baja California. During the summer, it retreats underground, only to reemerge with the arrival of winter rains. With lobed leaves and cup-shaped flowers that droop, Paeonia californica boasts beautiful dark maroon-colored petals and numerous yellow anthers. The plant typically blooms from January to March, although it can sometimes flower as early as December or as late as May. Each flower later develops two to five fruits.

This endemic species is commonly found on dry hillsides in the coastal sage scrub and chaparral communities of the coastal mountains of Southern and Central California. Often growing as an understory plant, Paeonia californica adds a touch of elegance to its surroundings. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the other Paeonia species native to North America, Paeonia brownii. With its unique appearance and adaptability, Paeonia californica has become a sought-after plant in native plant landscaping and xeriscaping.

In cultivation, this drought-tolerant plant prefers partial sun and can adapt to various soil types. It is moisture-sensitive in the summer, so it is important to avoid overwatering to prevent root rot. One notable characteristic of Paeonia californica is its resistance to deer, making it an excellent choice for gardens that are prone to deer browsing.

If you are looking for a unique and striking addition to your garden, the California Peony is sure to impress. With its exquisite flowers and adaptability, this native North American plant brings a touch of natural beauty to any landscape. Discover the beauty of Paeonia californica and bring a touch of the wild into your own backyard. For more information on this remarkable plant, visit our website."

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