Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sourgum, Beetlebung Nyssa sylvatica Southern

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Nyssa sylvatica Southern









Common Name:

Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sourgum, Beetlebung

65-80 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Nyssa sylvatica Southern

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 3/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age.
* The leaf of Black Gum is variable in size and shape. It can be oval, elliptical or obovate, and 5–12 cm (2–5 in) long. It is lustrous, with entire, often wavy margins. The leaf turns purple in autumn, eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet.
* Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many bird species. Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years.
* The fruit is edible raw or cooked. A thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. Pleasantly acidulous. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. more...
* The wood of Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard, cross-grained, and difficult to split, especially after drying. This resistance to splitting led to its use for making mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, and paving blocks. The wood is also used for pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. more...
* Have you heard for the sweet tupelo honey? Honey bees make it from the nectar of these spring-blooming trees. more...
Usda description:
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