Yellow Sweetclover Melilotus officinalis

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Melilotus officinalis







Common Name:

Yellow Sweetclover

Seeds Per Pound:
5.9 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
3-4 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 5.9 lb
Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet (~ 115 seeds)
10 gram (~ 4550 seeds)
1 oz (~ 12898 seeds)
1 lb (~ 206363 seeds)
1 kg (~ 454953 seeds)
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: none required.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: Broadcast, drill or hydroseed on prepared seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* Melilotus officinalis, known as yellow sweet clover, yellow melilot, ribbed melilo and common melilot is a species of legume native to Eurasia and introduced in North America, Africa and Australia.
* Melilotus officinalis can be an annual or biennial plant, and is 4–6 feet (1.2–1.8 m) high at maturity. Leaves alternate on the stem and possess three leaflets.
* Yellow flowers bloom in spring and summer and produce fruit in pods typically containing one seed.
* Seeds can be viable for up to 30 years.
* Plants have large taproots and tend to grow in groups. Plants have a characteristic sweet odor.
* Prior to World War II before the common use of commercial agricultural fertilizers, the plant was commonly used as a cover crop to increase nitrogen content and improve subsoil water capacity in poor soils
* Sweet clover contains coumarin that converts to dicoumarol, which is a powerful anticoagulant toxin, when the plant becomes moldy. This can lead to bleeding diseases (internal hemorrhaging) and death in cattle. Consequently, hay containing the plant must be properly dried and cured, especially in wet environments.
* Sweet clover is a major source of nectar for domestic honey bees as hives near sweetclover can yield up to 200 pounds of honey in a year. more...
* Seed propagation - sow spring to mid-summer in situ. Pre-soaking the seed for 12 hours in warm water will speed up the germination process, particularly in dry weather. Germination will usually take place within 2 weeks.
* Melilot, used either externally or internally, can help treat varicose veins and haemorrhoids though it requires a long-term treatment for the effect to be realised. more...
[ edit ] Description This biennial plant is 2 to 4 feet high at maturity and blooms in spring and summer. Flowers are yellow. Its characteristic sweet odor, intensified by drying, is derived from coumarin . It has a bitter taste.
Physical Characteristics  Melilotus officinalis is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.7 m (2ft 4in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It can fix Nitrogen. The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil.The plant prefers neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. and can grow in saline soils. It cannot grow in the shade.It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.
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