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Author:1000Faces (talk) Original uploader was 1000Faces at en.wikipedia
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Larix laricina

American Larch, Eastern Larch, Tamarack

  • Larix laricina

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Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

Growing Info

Scarification: soak in warm water, let stand in water for 12 hours
Stratification: Will germinate without pretreatment although 30 to 60 days cold may hasten germination
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification 

Larix laricina, also known as Tamarack, Eastern Larch, or Hackmatack, is a small to medium-size deciduous coniferous tree that can reach up to 60 ft tall. It has a straight trunk and a narrow pyramidal crown. The needles on the tree are needle-like, light blue-green, and turn bright yellow in the autumn before falling off. This tree is commonly found in swamps, bogs, and other low-land areas and is tolerant of acid and infertile soils, as well as waterlogged soils. The wood of this tree is tough and durable, yet also flexible, and was frequently used by the Algonquian people for making snowshoes and other products where toughness was required. Today, it is used mainly for pulpwood, posts, poles, rough lumber, and fuelwood. Tamarack is also grown as an ornamental tree in gardens in cold regions. Wildlife, including porcupines, snowshoe hares, and red squirrels, rely on Tamarack for food and shelter. This tree is very intolerant of shade and must become dominant to survive. The best silvicultural systems for Tamarack are clear cutting or seed-tree cutting because the seedlings require full light to survive and grow well. If you are looking for a unique and hardy tree for your garden or are interested in the history and cultural uses of this beautiful tree species, consider Larix laricina.

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