Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 6 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4 deep, mulch the seed bed, keep moist, cover seedbed with some shade
Juniperus virginiana, commonly known as Eastern Red Cedar or Redcedar, is a slow-growing evergreen tree that can reach up to 27 meters height, although it might remain a bush on poor soil. Found in Eastern North America, this tree is recognized for its reddish-brown fibrous bark and dark green foliage that produces fruit with wingless seeds dispersed by birds. It prefers full sun and is capable of withstanding harsh conditions. A mature tree may contain both sharp juvenile needle-like and tightly adpressed adult scale-like opposite leaves. As an important food source for many birds in the winter, this species is a key component in local ecosystems. It is famous for being a source of fragrant cedar wood used for chests, wardrobes, closet linings, flooring, and scientific instruments. The wood is durable and particularly resistant to decay, making it valuable for fence posts. The tree was also in high demand for pencil production in the 19th century, and its bark was utilized for mats and tinder. With numerous practical uses, Juniperus virginiana is a valuable and beloved tree species.