Juniperus occidentalis var. occidentalisJuniperus occidentalis
In Stock: 0.879 lb (Total:1.311lb)
Juniperus occidentalis Dry Berries
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Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 6 hours
Stratification: warm stratify for 120 days, cold stratify for 120 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: seedlings need shade for their first year
The tree can grow up to 18 meters tall, with a slow growth rate. The Western Juniper produces small cones that are about 10mm in diameter. These cones take two years to mature and contain the seeds of the tree. The cones are an important food source for several bird species, including the American robin and cedar waxwing, who disperse the seeds in their droppings.
This tree has a variety of uses. The wood of the Western Juniper is very close-grained, light, and durable. It is easily worked and can be used for fencing and fuel. The dried seeds of the tree have been used as beads or as the 'rattle' in rattles. The fruit of the tree is sweet and can be eaten raw or cooked. It can also be dried or ground into a powder and used in bread-making.
In addition to its practical uses, the Western Juniper has a history of medicinal use. Native American tribes used the tree to treat various ailments, especially those related to the kidneys and skin. The leaves are known to have blood tonic and laxative properties. A decoction of the leaves can be used to treat constipation, coughs, and colds. The berries of the tree are analgesic, blood tonic, and diuretic and can be used to relieve pain and induce urination.
Juniperus occidentalis is a hardy tree that can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including alkaline soils. It prefers well-drained soil and can withstand drought conditions. The tree is resistant to honey fungus but does not tolerate maritime exposure.
Overall, Juniperus occidentalis var. occidentalis, or Western Juniper, is a versatile and resilient tree that offers both practical and medicinal uses. With its attractive foliage and unique cones, it can be a valuable addition to any garden or landscape.