Western Juniper Juniperus occidentalis occidentalis

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Juniperus occidentalis occidentalis









Common Name:

Western Juniper

Seeds Per Pound:
0.97 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
40-50 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 0.97 lb
  • Juniperus occidentalis Dry Berries

Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet (~ 10 seeds)
1 oz (~ 168 seeds)
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 6 hours.
Stratification: warm stratify for 120 days, cold stratify for 120 days.
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: seedlings need shade for their first year.
In a Nutshell:
* Juniperus occidentalis ( Western Juniper) is a shrub or tree native to the western United States , growing in mountains at altitudes of 800-3,000 m (rarely down to 100 m).
* The dried seeds have been used as beads or as the 'rattle' in rattles. Wood - veryclose-grained, light, soft, exceedingly durable. It is easily worked and can be exquisitely finished. Because of its small size,however, it is mainly used for fencing, fuel.
* The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. more...
* Succeeds in most soils, including chalk, so long as they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil. Established plants are drought tolerant, succeeding in hot dry positions. Plants are slow-growing, though they can live for 3000 years in the wild.
* Western juniper was quite widely employed as a medicinal herb by a number of native North American tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints, especially those related to the kidneys and the skin. It is rarely, if at all, used in modern herbalism. The leaves are blood tonic and laxative. A decoction is used in the treatment of constipation, coughs and colds.
* The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. A thin dry flesh with a resinous flavour. The fruit is sweet and nutritious, it can also be dried or ground into a powder and mixed with cereal flours to be made into a bread.The cones are about 10mm in diameter, they take 2 years to mature. more...
* The cones are an important food for several birds, including American robin, Clark's nutcracker, phainopepla and cedar waxwing, these digest the fleshy cone scales and disperse the seeds in their droppings.
* Juniperus occidentalis usually occurs on dry, rocky sites where there is less competition from larger species like ponderosa pine and coast Douglas-fir. In very exposed positions at high altitude, they can assume a krummholz habit, growing low to the ground even when mature with a wide trunk. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov