American Beech Fagus grandifolia

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Fagus grandifolia

Family:

Fagaceae

Genus:

Fagus

Species:

grandifolia

Common Name:

American Beech

Height:
60-120 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
4

 

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  • Fagus grandifolia

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination.
In a Nutshell:
* The American Beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring shade more than other trees, commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession . Although sometimes found in pure stands, it is more often associated with Sugar Maple (forming the Beech-Maple climax community ), Yellow Birch , and Eastern Hemlock , typically on moist well drained slopes and rich bottomlands. Near its southern limit, it often shares canopy dominance with Southern Magnolia . more...
* An imposing, sturdy looking native with smooth gray bark and dark green leaves, a glorious dark golden-brown in fall, edible nut, likes moist acid, woodland soil, Dirr notes that the native species outgrows and outperforms the more common European Beech, native to eastern North America, strangely enough there are no cultivars of American Beech.
* The seed can be eaten raw or cooked. Small but very sweet and nutritious, it is sold in local markets in Canada and some parts of America. Rich in oil, the seed also contains up to 22% protein. The raw seed should not be eaten in large quantities since it is believed to cause enteritis. It can be dried and ground into a powder, then used with cereal flours in making bread, cakes etc. more...
[ edit ] Description It is a deciduous tree growing to 20–35 m (66–115 ft) tall, with smooth, silver-gray bark . The leaves are dark green, simple and sparsely-toothed with small teeth, 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) long (rarely 15 centimetres (5.9 in)), with a short petiole . The winter twigs are distinctive among North American trees, being long and slender (15–20 mm (0.59–0.79 in) by 2–3 mm (0.079–0.12 in)) with two rows of overlapping scales on the buds. The tree is monoecious , with flowers of both sexes on the same tree. The fruit is a small, sharply-angled nut , borne in pairs in a soft-spined, four-lobed husk.The American Beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring shade more than other trees, commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession . Although sometimes found in pure stands, it is more often associated with Sugar Maple (forming the Beech-Maple climax community ), Yellow Birch , and Eastern Hemlock , typically on moist well drained slopes and rich bottomlands. Near its southern limit, it often shares canopy dominance with Southern Magnolia .
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Physical Characteristics  Fagus grandifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind. The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires dry or moist soil.
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Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov