Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours|Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: warm stratify for 60 days, cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination, sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed|can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination, sow seed 1/4 deep, tamp the soil, keep moist, mulch the seed bed
Looking for a native shrub that grows well in moist soils? Look no further than Euonymus atropurpureus, also known as Eastern Wahoo or Burning Bush. While its fruit may be poisonous to humans, it's a favorite of several bird species who disperse the seeds. Native to eastern North America, this deciduous shrub has attractive reddish-brown twigs and elliptical leaves that turn a bright red in the fall. Historically used by North American Indians for medicinal purposes, it's still considered a gallbladder remedy with laxative and diuretic properties in current herbalism. However, the bark is toxic and should only be used under professional supervision. This versatile shrub grows well in low meadows, open slopes, open woodland, stream banks and prairies. Try Euonymus atropurpureus in your landscaping plans and enjoy its striking appearance and native benefits.