Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium - Chamerion angustifolium

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Epilobium angustifolium







Common Name:


3-8 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Epilobium angustifolium

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days.
Germination: sow seed 1/16" deep, tamp the soil, lightly mulch the seed bed.
Other: stratification improves germination, but is not required.
In a Nutshell:
* This herb is often abundant in wet calcareous to slightly acidic soils in open fields, pastures, and particularly burned-over lands, the name Fireweed derives from the species' abundance as a coloniser on burnt sites after forest fires . Its tendency to quickly colonize open areas with little competition, such as sites of forest fires and forest clearings , makes it a clear example of a pioneer species .
* The leaves of fireweed are unique in that the leaf veins are circular and do not terminate on the edges of the leaf, but form circular loops and join together inside the outer leaf margins. This feature makes the plants very easy to identify in all stages of growth. more...
* Showy four-petaled summer flowers of magenta or rose pink on straight stalks, especially common in areas of forest newly cleared by cutting or fire, needs full sun, for wild garden, may self-sow, spreads by rhizomes to form colonies, native to Europe, northern Asia, and North America.