Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 6 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days
Germination: sow seed 3/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: can be fall sown without stratification.
The Elaeagnus commutata, also known as the American Silverberry or Wolf-willow, is a native shrub/tree to western North America. With its broad lanceolate leaves covered in small, dense white scales, the plant is a beautiful ornamental for gardens. But besides being aesthetically pleasing, the fruits and seeds of the plant are edible, rich in vitamins and minerals, and provide a source of essential fatty acids. The fruit can also be used to make delicious jellies and soups. Additionally, the shrub is known to fix nitrogen and increases fruit production when grown as a companion plant in orchards. Wildlife, especially sharp-tailed grouse, and songbirds are known to feed on the fruits, making it an important food source in the winter. It provides cover and nesting sites for mallards and many passerine birds. The shrub typically grows on dry to moist sandy and gravel soils in steppes, meadows or woodland edges. It has been known to increase forage production in rough fescue grasslands. Consider adding the Elaeagnus commutata to your garden for both its aesthetic appeal and its edible and ecological benefits.