Cliftonia monophylla

Black Tree, Buckwheat Brush, Buckwheat Tree, Ironwood, Titi

Supply is uncertain due to a limited number of colletors.

In Stock: 0.032 lb (Total:0.032lb)
  • Cliftonia monophylla

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0.03 lb


Germination test:
Cut (Full Seed)
Seeds per lb:
0.03 lb
Collected in:
Crop year:
Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

Looking for a unique and beautiful tree for your garden? Look no further than the Cliftonia monophylla, also known as Buckwheat Brush, Black Tree, Ironwood, or Titi. This evergreen shrub can grow up to 4 meters tall and is native to the United States.

The Cliftonia monophylla is a slow-growing shrub that thrives in well-drained, sandy, and acid soils. It prefers a pH on the acidic side and can even tolerate very acidic soils. This shrub is hardy up to zone 8 and does best in sunny areas with moist soil. It cannot tolerate shade, so make sure to plant it in a spot where it can receive plenty of sunlight.

In spring, the Cliftonia monophylla produces beautiful, fragrant flowers that are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by bees. These flowers add a lovely touch to any garden and attract pollinators to your yard. The shrub is in leaf from January to May, providing year-round interest and greenery to your landscape.

While it is not known to have any edible or medicinal uses, the wood of the Cliftonia monophylla is highly valued for its burning qualities. It is heavy and close-grained, burning with a clear, bright flame. This makes it a fantastic choice for fuel, providing warmth and ambiance to your outdoor space.

Cultivating the Cliftonia monophylla may require some attention to its soil conditions. It requires a free-draining, sandy soil with additional leafmould added. In colder areas where frosts are light and short-lived, this shrub can be grown outdoors. However, in areas with more severe winters, it may require some protection from the cold. But the effort will be worth it when you see this stunning shrub flourishing in your garden.

Propagation of the Cliftonia monophylla can be done through seeds or cuttings. The best time to sow the seeds is as soon as they are ripe, in a greenhouse. Once the seedlings are large enough, they can be transferred into individual pots and grown in the greenhouse for their first winter. They can then be planted outdoors in early summer with some protection from the cold.

If you're looking for a unique and hardy shrub to add to your garden, the Cliftonia monophylla is an excellent choice. Its fragrant flowers, evergreen foliage, and valuable wood make it a versatile and beautiful addition to any landscape. Get yours today and enjoy the beauty and functionality this shrub has to offer. For more information on this shrub, visit our website.

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269 NY-34 Locke NY 13092

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