Carya ovalis

Red Hickory, Spicebark Hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory

  • Carya ovalis

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Min. hardiness zone:
Item ID:

Growing Info

Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours, repeat process daily for 4 days
Stratification: cold stratify for 120 days
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed

In a Nutshell:

* Carya ovalis, the red hickory or sweet pignut hickory, is a fairly uncommon but widespread hickory native to eastern North America. It is typically found growing in dry, well drained sandy upland ridges and sloped woodlands from southern Ontario, Canada, and in the United States east to New Hampshire, south to northern Florida west to eastern Texas and north-west to Nebraska.
* This species was formerly treated as a variety or northern ecotype of the pignut hickory C. glabra, described as Carya glabra var. odorata. This discrepancy has not yet been completely resolved, and some sources and authors still consider red hickory as a variety or synonym of pignut hickory.However both trees are quite morphologically distinct.
* The red hickory is generally encountered as a medium-sized tree, capable of growing to 30 m (100 ft) in height. The single trunk is straight and often continues for the entire height of the tree, although sometimes splits into several large limbs once the canopy has been breached. The branches are strong, stout and long, ascending in the upper crown and drooping in the lower crown; the branches around mid-height are more or less horizontal. This creates a broad, thick, column-shaped form that casts dense shade. Individuals have been known to live from 100–250 years of age.
* Seed - raw or cooked. Small but sweet with a thin shell. The seed ripens in late autumn and, when stored in its shell in a cool place, will keep for at least 6 months Sap - raw. Tapped in the spring, it has a sweet flavour.
* Wood - heavy, hard, tough and elastic. Used for making wagons, agricultural implements, tool handles etc. more...
* A Deciduous tree that is native to the eastern third of the U.S. The Bark is light gray and smoothish, leaves are compound with slender rachis. Red Hickory grows on dry, upland soils in the maritime forest, with a more restricted ecological range than its close relative Carya glabra. more...
* The nuts are relished by countless wildlife species, including many rodents and birds, as well as raccoons and wild turkeys. more...

Usda description:

More info on http://plants.usda.gov

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