Pawnee Pecan Carya illinoinensis Pawnee

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Carya illinoinensis Pawnee









Common Name:

Pawnee Pecan

30-50 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
Harvest hemisphere:

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  • Carya illinoinensis Pawnee

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours, repeat process daily for 4 days.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.

'Pawnee' is a cultivar of Carya illinoinensis, Hardy Pecan, and is a large shade tree that bears high quality pecans. 'Pawnee' is a cross of 'Mohawk' and 'Starking Hardy Giant', made in Brownwood, Texas, in 1963, and is very popular throughout the Western and Northern growing regions. It is also growing in popularity in the Southeast. 'Pawnee' is noted for its large nut size and early harvest (usually early September). Once mature (after 8 to 10 years), it is a top producer of medium to large nuts. It has good resistance to aphids and to disease and insects in general, but nut scab can be a problem. 'Pawnee' is a Type I pecan and requires two cultivars for pollinating.

'Pawnee' grows best in full sun. It tolerates clay and sand if well drained, but does best in loam soils with a pH of 6.0-6.5. It has high drought tolerance.

Pecan trees can reach up to 130 feet in height; 'Pawnee', however, tends to be smaller with a height of 30 feet and a spread of 25 feet. Pecan trees have a uniform, symmetrical, broadly oval crown and is massively-branched. Large major limbs grow up and out from the trunk in a distinctive upright, spreading fashion. On older trees, lower branches become wide-sweeping, with their tips almost touching the ground. Trunks can grow to 6 feet in diameter.


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