Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours
Stratification: warm stratify for 30 days, cold stratify for 120 days
Germination: sow seed 1/8" deep , tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
Other: Should be cleaned prior to treatment or sowing, if sown as db germination may be delayed by 1 year.
Looking for a versatile tree that can help with erosion control? Consider the Amelanchier arborea, also known as the Common Serviceberry or Downy Serviceberry. This native tree is found in eastern North America, from the Gulf Coast all the way up to Thunder Bay in Ontario and Lake St. John in Quebec. It can even be found as far west as Texas and Minnesota.
The Amelanchier arborea is generally 5-12 meters tall, but can sometimes grow up to 20 meters and reach the overstory. The characteristic smooth and gray bark adds to its appeal. This tree also boasts beautiful white flowers that are pollinated by bees, attracting birds that enjoy the berries it produces. In the fall, the leaves turn a range of colors, from yellow to orange to dusky red.
Not only is the Amelanchier arborea aesthetically pleasing, it also has practical uses. Its extensive root system makes it a great choice for planting on banks to help control erosion. Additionally, the wood of this tree is close-grained, hard, strong, tough, and elastic; one of the heaviest woods in North America. While it may be too small for commercial interest, it has been used for making handles.
Cultivating the Amelanchier arborea is relatively easy. It can tolerate varying light levels, but performs best in full sun. Good drainage and air circulation are also important, and watering during droughts is recommended. If you're thinking about incorporating this tree into your garden or landscape, keep in mind that it may be confused with other similar species in the nursery trade. Propagation can be done by seed, divisions, or grafting.
In addition to its practical uses, the Amelanchier arborea also holds cultural significance. Native Americans historically used the fruit to make bread, and today it is harvested locally for pies and jams.
To learn more about this versatile tree and its cultivation, visit our website for additional information.