Red Baneberry Actaea rubra - Actaea erythrocarpa

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Actaea rubra

Family:

Ranunculaceae

Genus:

Actaea

Species:

rubra

Common Name:

Red Baneberry

Height:
16-30 inches
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
3

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  • Actaea rubra

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days or fall sowing.
Germination: can be sown outdoors in the fall for spring germination, sow seed 1/2" deep, keep moist, mulch the seed bed, remove mulch upon germination.
Other: Two periods of cold treatment, inbetween which is a period of warm treatment, may hasten otherwise slow germination.
In a Nutshell:
* These open woodland plants grow 40 cm (16 in) to 80 cm (31 in) tall.The leaves that are coarsely toothed with deeply lobed margins.
* Seeds In mid to late simmer, the berries turn bright red . The berries also have a black dot on them. more...
* The whole plant, but especially the root, is analgesic, antirheumatic, galactogogue and rubefacient.The plant was often used medicinally by North American Indian tribes, though modern users should be aware of the plants potential toxicity. more...
[ edit ] Description These open woodland plants grow 40 cm (16 in) to 80 cm (31 in) tall.The leaves that are coarsely toothed with deeply lobed margins. Plants commonly have hairy veins on the undersides of the foliage. Each stem will have either three leaves that branch near the top, or will have three compound leaves and one upright flowering stalk from one point on the main central stem.Plants produce one to a few ternately branched stems which bear clusters of flowers having 3 to 5 sepals that are petal-like and obovate in shape and remain after flowering. The petals are deciduous, falling away after flowering is done. They are clawed at the base and 2.5 mm to 4 mm long and spatulate to odovate in shape. Flowers have numerous stamens and they are white in color.After flowering green berries are produced. The fruits are ellipsoid shaped berries containing several seeds. [ 1 ] Seeds In mid to late summer, the berries turn bright red or white (forma neglecta ). The berries also have a black dot on them.
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Physical Characteristics  Actaea rubra is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft). It is hardy to zone 3. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland).It requires moist soil.
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Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov